SHX5 : rev200-lil_arm

Sniffing a public network we found a hash traveling in plain text.
With a little observation we discovered that it was transmitted by a device that updates access passwords. Probably an IoT device.
We got a copy of the binary that creates the hash.
Can you help me figure it out this?

HASH: b5a7adbec4cd12410c1751871691b01a51a91961ac1de1e021f1fc1f826024f2a82ce2a631d2e72ee362347

Download the binary at shellterlabs.com

Solution

As u can see, this is a ARM aarch64 binary and we can't run directly..

Tried, but I can't figure out the hashing algorithm disassembling the getHash function..

..but the flag possibly has 0x20(32) length and we can hash single letters testing if it match the captured hash.

To run this binary we need to emulate ARM aarch64.

ARM aarch64 QEMU emulation

I've found this pre-built QEMU image aarch64-linux-3.15rc2-buildroot.img and following this a member of our team, marcioRAGarcia, can boot-up the machine w/ this args:

$ sudo qemu-system-aarch64 -machine virt -cpu cortex-a57 -machine type=virt -nographic -smp 1 -m 2048 -kernel aarch64-linux-3.15rc2-buildroot.img -fsdev local,id=r,path=/ARM,security_model=none -device virtio-9p-device,fsdev=r,mount_tag=r
$ mount -t 9p -o trans=virtio r /mnt

Note: /ARM is the path of host machine shared folder. We need this to share file between host and ARM machine.

Perfect! As I thought.. the binary is hashing letter by letter.. and it matches with the default header of the flag shellter{

CAPTURED HASH: 
b5a7adbec4cd12410c1751871691b01a51a91961ac1de1e021f1fc1f826024f2a82ce2a631d2e72ee362347i
936874e8df0b4105a9f11c0ec0c39f8a

shellter{
b5a7adbec4cd12410c175

After some tries, I figure out that every byte start by hashing on two bytes, and after t it starts by hashing on 3 bytes

$ ./hash.bin shellter{B
UPDATE Users SET password = 'b5a7adbec4cd12410c175187' WHERE user_id = 55;  

U is hashed as 187, so, the whole flag is:

s   h   e  l  l  t  e   r   {   U   ...
b5  a7  ad be c4 cd 124 10c 175 187 169 1b0 1a5 1a9 196 1ac 1de 1e0 21f 1fc 1f8 260 24f 2a8 2ce 2a6 31d 2e7 2ee 362 347i

Luckly, our pre-built machine has python installed, and now.. nozzlr bruteforce comes ripping!

Hash bruteforce with nozzlr

nozzlr module to bruteforce this hash..

Running..

$ python nozzlr.py argv_bruteforce.py wordlists/alphanumdigs.txt 1 --repeats=11 --offset=0

The rest of the flag is w/ you :)

References

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